|About the Book|
Professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction, this is an excellent history of the historic Lunar Orbiter project in the 1960s leading to Americas Apollo moon landing.Lunar Orbiter brought several new departures inMoreProfessionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction, this is an excellent history of the historic Lunar Orbiter project in the 1960s leading to Americas Apollo moon landing.Lunar Orbiter brought several new departures in U.S. efforts to explore the Moon before landing men there. It was the first big deep space project for Langley Research Center. It came into being in 1963 after the Ranger and Surveyor Programs were well along in their development and at a time when the data it could acquire would be timely to Apollo only for mission design, not for equipment design, since the decisions on the basic Apollo equipment had already been made. Although Lunar Orbiter was not a crash effort, it did require that Langley Research Center set up a development and testing schedule in which various phases of the project would run nearly concurrently. This approach had not been tried before on a major lunar program.Chapter I - Unmanned Lunar Exploration and the Need for a Lunar Orbiter * The Call for a Program of Exploration * Mustering for the Challenge of Space * Chapter II - Toward a Lightweight Lunar Orbiter * The Surveyor Program * Early Apollo Impact on Lunar Orbiter Planning * The Centaur Rocket Program * The Search for a Lightweight Orbiter * OSS-OMSF Cooperative Planning * The Scherer Groups Report * Problems at JPL * Langley Enters the Picture * Establishing Management Arrangements * Langley Develops the Request for Proposal Document * Stipulations of the Request for Proposal Document * Chapter III - Beginning the Lunar Orbiter Program * Congress questions NASA on Orbiter * The Lunar Orbiter Project Office is Established * Preparing for Contract Bids * The Langley Source Evaluation Board * The Lunar Orbiter Proposals * The Boeing Lunar Orbiter Proposal * The Eastman Kodak Photographic System * Selecting the Lunar Orbiter Contractor * Chapter IV - NASA and Boeing Negotiate a Contract * Early Boeing Preparations * NASA Preparations for Contract Negotiations * Congressional Criticism of Contractor Choice * No Duplication of Effort * NASA Solely Responsible for Photographic Data * Langley-JPL Working Relations * Chapter V - Implementing the Program * Early Funding Considerations * Boeing Negotiations with Subcontractors * NASA Cost-Reduction Efforts * Chapter VI - The Lunar Orbiter Spacecraft * A General Description * Early Design, Fabrication, and Testing Problems * Chapter VII - Building the Spacecraft: Problems and Resolutions * Experiments for Lunar Orbiter * Other Potential Experiments * Preliminary Mission Planning Activities * Testing Procedures and Program Reviews * Problem Areas: Last Quarter 1964 to First Half 1965 * Chapter VIII - Lunar Orbiter Mission Objectives and Apollo Requirements * OSSA and OMSF Planning Activities * Developing Mission Designs * The Ad Hoc Surveyor/Orbiter Utilization Committee (SOUC) * Presentation of Mission A * Funding and Technical Problems - 1965 * The Status of the Boeing Contract * Spacecraft Compatibility with Launch and Tracking Facilities * Flight Recording Equipment * A Change in Delivery Incentive * Chapter IX - Missions I, II, and III: Apollo-Site Search and Verification * Preparations for the First Launch * The First Launch * Results of the First Mission * Prelude to Mission II * The Plan for Mission II * The Second Mission * The Third Orbiter Mission * Chapter X - Missions IV and V: The Lunar Surface Explored * Preparing for the Fourth Mission * The Fourth Orbiter Mission * Preparations for the Fifth Mission * Lunar Orbiter V Mission Objectives * The Final Mission * The End of the Operational Phase * Chapter XI - Conclusions: Lunar Orbiters Contribution to Space Exploration * A Sixth Orbiter Mission? * Apollo Mission Planning and Lunar Orbiter Data * Results of Non-Photographic Lunar Orbiter Experiments * A Meaning for the Lunar Orbiter Achievements * Chapter XII - Lunar Orbiter Photography * A. The Spacecraft * B.